Paediatric ultrasound – developmental hip dysplasia

12th May 2024, NIA Diagnostic Imaging

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) stands out as one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorders manifesting in neonates and infants (Charlton et al., 2017). Owing to the dynamic potential for hip remodelling, hip dysplasia at birth may either resolve spontaneously or progress as the child grows (Loh & Wollett, 2021). DDH encompasses a spectrum of hip conditions, including abnormal acetabular development and hip dislocation causing disruption to the typical alignment of the femoral head and acetabulum as a stable ball-and-socket joint (Landes, 2011).…

Colchicine to reduce CVD – is it prime time yet?

12th May 2024, A/Prof Chee L Khoo


We are used to using colchicine for acute treatment of gout but colchicine has also proven itself a key pharmacotherapy in the treatment of cardiovascular conditions such as pericardial disease (1), post-operative atrial fibrillation (2) and coronary artery disease (3). Colchicine disrupts the inflammatory response in acute gout but the inflammatory pathways that colchicine acts on are also found in other inflammatory diseases including coronary artery disease.…

Omega-3 supplements in pregnancy for leaner kids?

11th May 2024, A/Prof Chee L Khoo

Omega-3 supplements?

I recall reading somewhere that increasing fish intake during pregnancy results in leaner offsprings. It all makes sense as we know that ω-3 fatty acid (ω-3 FA) is beneficial for adults (also read somewhere). It must be good for babies then. Is there data on those claims? Well, sort of. We shall look into them.…

Which risk factors in T2D increase infection risk?

27th April 2024, A/Prof Chee L Khoo

glucose variability

We know that suboptimal HbA1c increases the risk of micro and macrovascular complications in people with diabetes. We also know that suboptimal HbA1c increases infection risks in these people. There is increasing evidence that glucose variability is a potent predictor of complications. There are two ways to look at glucose variability – day to day variation as seen on continuous glucose monitoring and variability in HbA1c measured over years.…

Ankle BP may predict future peripheral artery disease

27th April 2024, A/Prof Chee L Khoo

Ankle BP

PAD is associated with a high incidence of future lower-limb amputations, physical disability, cardiovascular outcomes, other serious health outcomes, reduced quality of life, and mortality (3–8). Some GPs are lucky to have tool that can easily perform ankle brachial index (ABI) as part of a cardiovascular assessment. It is a very simple tool that can detect peripheral arterial disease (PAD).…

Metformin for diabetes in pregnancy?

27th April 2024, A/Prof Chee L Khoo

Metformin has microvascular (and perhaps, macrovascular) benefits in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). It crosses the placenta and as with all medications used in pregnancy, we always worry about its potential effects on the offspring in utero. We worry about the metabolic effects of reduced nutrients to the growing baby in there. Current recommendations (RACGP handbook) says that the pros and cons of metformin in pregnancy for women with diabetes (not GDM) are unclear (1).…

NIA Diagnostic Imaging – Improved diagnosis for life

13th April 2024, NIA Diagnostic Imaging

At NIA Diagnostic Imaging, we are proudly the only Medical Imaging Provider in Southwest Sydney that has continued to Bulk-Bill ALL Medicare eligible examinations including:
• ALL Obstetric Ultrasounds
• ALL Interventional Procedures performed under Ultrasound or CT guidance
• Biopsy, FNA, Aspiration, Hook Wire Localisation, Pain Management Injections

At NIA Diagnostic Imaging we always aim to prioritise the health of our patients and are compassionate and diligent in our delivery of premium care.…

Should older T2D continue their metformin?

13th April 2024, A/Prof Chee L Khoo


We are all used to metformin being the first line glucose lowering agent when type 2 diabetes (T2D) is diagnosed. (Well, I know some you also use metformin before diabetes is diagnosed but that’s a different story). Glucose lowering efficacy of metformin is not that terrific as we now have much stronger glucose lowering agents available.…

South West Radiology is expanding…

13th April 2024, South West Radiology

By the time you read this post, South West Radiology Wetherill Park, Stocklands will have opened. This is South West Radiology’s 5th branch in Southwest Sydney in addition to their convenient branches in Campbelltown, Minto, Liverpool and Moorebank.

In addition to the friendly staff, South West Radiology pride themselves in:

1) Providing patients in South West Sydney with enhanced healthcare outcomes via early diagnosis & delivery of personalised radiology services

2) Providing referring physicians with seamless access to high quality diagnostic medical images and reports

3) Providing a supportive and collaborative work culture that promotes staff empowerment and professional development

Now, we have more convenient centres for our patients to go to.…

Intermittent fasting – can it be harmful?

31st March 2024, A/Prof Chee L Khoo

Time restricted eating

In case you have not noticed, there was some disquiet in the cardiovascular community this week on the potential harm intermittent fasting can cause. The headline presentation says “8-hour time-restricted eating linked to a 91% higher risk of cardiovascular death”. Well, any study regarding “diets” are always going to be sus.…

Lipid lowering in T2D – what happens if you don’t treat to guidelines?

28th March 2024, A/Prof Chee L Khoo

We all know that high LDL-C is absolutely and adversely associated with cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. It’s been “proven” again and again in large clinical trials and meta-analyses after meta-analyses. Reducing lipids levels have also been shown to reduce cardiovascular (CV) events in secondary as well as in primary prevention. This is particularly the case in those with intermediate to high CV risks.…

Young T2D – do they get more cancers?

28th March 2024, A/Prof Chee L Khoo

Young T2D

We all know that when type 2 diabetes (T2D) presents at a younger age, they tend to be more aggressive in its progression as well as in the complications it causes. The complications also emerge earlier as well more aggressive. There are more cardiovascular events, more renal events and now, increasingly recognised, more liver complications.…