Mortons Neuroma Case Study

27th February 2021, Spectrum Radiology

Anatomy of the nerve

We last reviewed Morton’s Neuroma here back in 2018. It is always refreshing to look a real case from the radiologist’s point of view. It does remind us to keep a look out for this relatively common condition which can be debilitating. The term neuroma is a misnomer because the lesion is not a neoplastic lesion such as a schwannoma or neurofibroma.…

Auto-immune arthropathy – understanding the IL-23/IL-17 pathway

26th February 2021, Dr Chee L Khoo

arthropathies

Back in medical school, we were taught that we have B-cells and T-cells. B-cells are responsible for humoral immunity and T-cells are responsible for cell-mediated immunity. T-cells could be killer cells or helper cells although we also have regulatory T-cells which tells the naïve T-cells how to behave. Of course, over the last 2-3 decades, we know more about what makes the regulatory T-cells decide what to tell these naïve cells.…

Goose foot – how many “toes” does the goose foot have?

20th July 2020, Dr Chee L Khoo

Figure 1

This is not a riddle. I often ask my medical students and patients this question and they all look at me strangely. How does this relate to medical science? Of course, we are talking about pes anserinus (PA). For those of you who remember your anatomy, PA relates to the 3 tendons that are attached to the medial aspect of the knee.…

Diabetic foot ulcers – out of sight, out of mind?

29th June 2020, Dr Chee L Khoo

diabetic foot

One in three patients with diabetes will develop diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). This typically occurs in the setting of peripheral artery disease, peripheral neuropathy and trauma. Foot ulcers invariably leads to lower extremity amputation (LEA) and both are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We know that poor glycaemic control contributes to the development of DFU and LEA.…

Knee OA – A GP’s perspective

12th October 2018, Dr Chee L Khoo

Imagine a 55 year gentleman come in with right knee pain. He was an active football player from years gone by and suffered the usual meniscal tears here and there over the years. He is now a storeman in the local factory and takes his dog for a walk most days. Yes, he’s put on some weight over the years and he has usual mild hypertension, mild hypercholesterolaemia and maybe borderline glucose.…

Psoriatic Arthropathy & Metabolic Syndrome – the role of the GP

30th September 2018, Dr Chee L Khoo

10-40% of patients with psoriasis have joint manifestations as part of a multi-system inflammatory disease (1). There is a strong association between psoriasis and elements of metabolic syndrome. Recent evidence suggests that patients with psoriasis have increased cardio-metabolic morbidity and mortality. Like other auto-immune collagen diseases, psoriatic arthropathy (PsA) often necessitate a referral to the specialists to manage the systemic and joint disease.…

Morton’s Neuroma – is it a neuroma?

1st September, 2018, Dr Chee L Khoo

It would seem to me that just about every doctor who graduated from Australian medical schools know about Morton’s neuroma. It’s part of the long list of differential diagnoses of forefoot pain but either I have missed many or it’s not that common. I’m also not sure what else to do once diagnosed apart from referring to an orthopaedic surgeon.…

ACL tears – do they all need reconstruction?

June 1, 2018, Dr Chee L Khoo

Yikes, I must have torn my ACL!

For patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, it used to be that conservative treatment is tried first and if the knee joint is symptomatic and/or unstable, then surgery can be considered. But have you noticed that patients are now routinely heading for surgery without a trial of conservative treatment and irrespective of what future demands on their joints may be?…

CT and US Guided Injections – what goes where for what conditions

Interventional procedures have evolved and improved over time since epidural injection was first introduced for low back pain and sciatica in 1901. One of the major contributors in the improvement of these interventions is the advancement of imaging guidance technologies. The utilisation of image guidance has dramatically improved the accuracy and safety of these interventions.

It is sometimes confusing to know what injections go where for what conditions?…

Opioids or codeine not recommended? What do we do with patients with severe back and leg pains?

May 1, 2018 Dr Chee L Khoo

Chronic, persistent low back, lower extremity pain, and radicular pain may be secondary to disc herniation, disc disruption, disc degeneration, facet joint disease, spinal stenosis, or post lumbar surgery syndrome resulting in disc-related pain with or without radiculitis. The specificity and sensitivity of the symptoms and signs are low and therefore, not as reliable as we think in getting to the precise diagnosis.…