Covid Heart – long term complications of Covid-19

6th March 2022, Dr Chee L Khoo

The Covid Heart

This is about the potential cardiovascular complications after contracting covid-19 infection. It is coined “the Covid Heart”. A recent analysis of data from 154,000 US veterans one year out from their covid-19 infection have highlighted some scarry statistics. Naturally, you would expect that those who had more severe disease had higher risks of cardiovascular complications but these complications affect patients who are not hospitalised.…

Covid-19 antivirals – how to prescribe them

12the February 2022, Dr Chee L Khoo

covid-19 antivirals

There is quite a bit of things to know about these medications for patients who are infected with covid-19 who are at high risk of severe disease. Whether we like it or not, we have to know them. The number of patients who qualify may not be large but we need to know who needs them and how to prescribe them as they need to be started early in the disease and not when they become sick (severe).…

Omicron wave – A GP survival guide

January 7th, 2022, Dr Chee L Khoo

the omicron wave

There is a trend across the medical specialties to make their guidelines a live document as emerging data comes thick and fast these days. 12 months is a long time for once a year updates. But when you have guidelines or protocols that are updated on a daily basis, it could mean that either there are really, really lots of data coming through or those guidelines are not based on scientific data.…

3rd dose for the non-immunocompromised – is it necessary?

13th November 2021, Dr Chee L Khoo

booster shots?

The success of mass vaccination is demonstrated by the dramatic reduction in case numbers and deaths from Covid-19 infections since the introduction of the covid-19 vaccines worldwide. Countries such as UK, USA, Israel and Singapore started and completed their campaign very early in 2021. Their success has been challenged by the increasing breakthrough in those countries since June 2021.…

Covid-19 vaccine booster for the immunocompromised – who is eligible?

Booster jab, anyone?

10th October 2021, Dr Chee L Khoo

Updated 17th October 2021

You would have caught a bit of the announcement that some people may be due a Covid-19 vaccine booster. As usual, the announcement is not precise or detailed enough and now everyone is confused whether they are the intended target group for the booster. It is not a call to boosters for most vaccinated people.…

Oral anti-viral against Covid-19 – how does it work?

5th October 2021, Dr Chee L Khoo

The media is abuzz with this wonder oral drug for treatment of Covid-19 infection by Merck, Sharp & Dohme (MSD). We are talking about Molnupiravir, the broad spectrum anti-viral agent which inhibits replication of not just Covid-19 but many other viruses in cell culture. What is Molnupiravir? Who amongst the patients with Covid-19 infections will benefit from the drug?…

Covid-19 vaccination booster – why, when, what?

23rd September 2021, Dr Chee L Khoo

Booster anybody?

You have to agree that the covid-19 vaccines have been pretty effective in reducing the case numbers of covid-19 worldwide. However, over the last few months, with the emergence of the delta variant, there have been resurgence of the virus. Is it because delta variant is more contagious? Perhaps, the efficacy of the vaccines has waned as it’s coming up to 6 months for those who had their vaccines earlier in the year.…

Comirnaty vaccine – how safe is it? What about myocarditis?

13th September 2021, Dr Chee L Khoo

mRNA covid-19 vaccines

Phase 3 trials have inherent limitations in assessing vaccine safety because of the small number of participants and the sample population is generally reasonably young and healthy. They are often underpowered to identify less common adverse events. For example, the AZ interventional arm had about 11,000 participants and the interventional arm of the Pfizer Comirnaty vaccine had about 23,000 participants.…

Delta variant – are the vaccines any good?

real world data

26th August 2021, Dr Chee L Khoo

The Delta variant, first identified in India in December 2020, spread rapidly throughout a mostly unvaccinated country and caused massive numbers of cases, hospitalisations, and deaths. It’s now responsible for the outbreaks spreading across the world. This includes countries that have high vaccination rates. In the UK, the Delta variant has spread rapidly.…

Covid-19 vaccines – can we mix and match yet?

8th August 2021, Dr Chee L Khoo


We know that the incidence of thrombocytopaenic thrombosis syndrome (TTS) can occur with the AstraZeneca (AZ) Covid-19 vaccines although it is pretty uncommon. What do you do with patients who had TTS with the first jab and it’s now ready for the next jab? Obviously, they can’t have the second jab with AZ.…

Covid-19 and pregnancy outcomes

7th August 2021, Dr Chee L Khoo

It is always difficult for pregnant women to decide whether to have the Covid-19 vaccine during pregnancy. Understandably, they are concerned about the safety of the vaccine administered during pregnancy. When the pandemic started last year, there were some studies which suggest that Covid-19 during pregnancy is associated with “significantly” poor maternal and offspring outcomes.…