Covid-19 and T2D – when two pandemics meet

13th May 2020, Dr Chee L Khoo

Covid-19 have exposed the numerous risks patients with type 2 diabetes (t2D) face when the two pandemics meet head on. We have seen that patients with diabetes are over-represented in patients hospitalised with Covid-19 in Wuhan. Patients with diabetes are also affected more severely if they contracted Covid-19 especially if glycaemic control is suboptimal.…

Heart failure in type 2 diabetes – who is most at risk?

12th December 2019, Dr Chee L Khoo

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and heart failure (HF) are common diseases with significant morbidity and mortality. Two out of three patients with T2D have evidence of ventricular dysfunction within 5 years of diabetes diagnosis (1). Data from both observational studies and clinical trial cohorts suggest that the development of HF in patients with T2DM is associated with anywhere from a 4- to 10-fold increase in mortality risk (2,3).…

SGLT2 inhibitors and hospitalisation for heart failure – finally a real trial!

12th December 2019, Dr Chee L Khoo

EMPA-REG, CANVAS, DECLARE-TIMI 58 and VERTIS-CV are cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOTs) originally designed to demonstrate non-inferiority of SGLT2 inhibitors versus placebo on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). These clinical trials involving a total of > 36,000 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) followed for 2–5 years. Patients treated with a SGLT2 inhibitor experienced a 25–35% lower risk of hospitalisation for heart failure (HHF).

SGLT2 inhibitors and the diabetic kidney – friend or foe?

26th May 2019, Dr Chee L Khoo

Sometimes when a drug is contraindicated for patients with low eGFR, it may mean that usage of the drug may further damage the kidneys or increase the risk of certain adverse events. For example, the use of metformin in patients with eGFR <30 significantly increase the risk of lactic acidosis. Usage of lithium in patients with impaired renal function (low eGFR) may further damage the kidneys.…

Dapagliflozin more than DECLARE its CV benefits

13th November 2018, Dr Chee L Khoo

It’s finally here. The Dapagliflozin Effect on Cardiovascular Events–Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 58 (DECLARE–TIMI 58) trial finally released their results this week at the American Heart Association (AHA) Scientific Sessions 2018. The results were most impressive but this was not just another CV outcome trial of another SGLT2 inhibitors. The results have major implications in the way we treat patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in general practice.…